The suits filed by the state governments of Kerala and Chhattisgarh in the Supreme Court, challenging the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and the National Investigations Agency (NIA) Act respectively, appear to be too ambitious to produce the results that they desire.
In any case, both petitions are more in the nature of political posturing by the ruling parties that lead the government in both the states rather than a legal challenge.
A three-member bench of the Supreme Court has already taken up for hearing 130 petitions challenging CAA on the plea that it violates the fundamental rights of the citizens enshrined in the Constitution. The Kerala petition is different from these in that it challenges the power of Parliament to enact the controversial law. The Chhattisgarh government’s suit also challenges the power of the central government, though in a different field. Both petitions have been moved under the provisions of Article 131 of the Constitution, which deals with centre-state disputes.